CPR – Components for Infants 
(Age Less Than 1 Year, Excluding Newborns)

Scene safety
  1. Check the environment – making sure it’s safe for rescuers and victims
Recognition of cardiac arrest
  1. Check responsiveness
  2. No breathing or only gasping – ie., no normal breathing
  3. Within 10 seconds – no positive pulse
    1. (You can check for a pulse and breathing simultaneously in less than 10 seconds)

Activation of the emergency response system

  • Witnessed collapse
    1. Leave the victim, if you’re alone without a mobile phone, and activate the emergency response system while retrieving an AED before performing CPR
  • Unwitnessed collapse
    1. Give 2 minutes of CPR
    2. Activate the emergency response system, get an AED and return to the victim
    3. Resume CPR; use the AED as soon as it is available
Compression- ventilation ratio without advanced airway
  • 1 rescuer  30:2
  • 2 or more rescuers 15:2
Compression- ventilation ratio with advanced airway
  • Chest compressions – 100-120/min
  • Give 1 breath every 6 seconds (10 breaths/min)
Compression rate
  • 100-120/min
Compression depth
  • At least 1/3 AP diameter of the chest
  • About 1½ inches (4 cm)
Hand placement
  • 1 rescuer
    Just below the nipple line – 2 fingers in the center of the chest
  • 2 or more rescuers
    2 thumb–encircling hands in the center of the chest, just below the nipple line – encircling hands (2 thumbs) in center of the chest
Chest recoil
  • Make sure not to lean on the chest of the victim – Allow a full recoil after each chest compression
Minimizing interruptions
  • Compression interruptions – limit to less than 10 seconds