CPR – Components for Children
(Age 1 Year to Puberty)

Scene safety

  1. Check the environment – making sure it’s safe for rescuers and victims

Recognition of cardiac arrest

  1. Check responsiveness
  2. No breathing or only gasping – ie., no normal breathing
  3. Within 10 seconds – no positive pulse
  • (You can check for a pulse and breathing simultaneously in less than 10 seconds)

Activation of the emergency response system

  • Witnessed collapse
    1. Leave the victim, if you’re alone without a mobile phone, and activate the emergency response system while retrieving an AED before performing CPR
  • Unwitnessed collapse
    1. Give 2 minutes of CPR
    2. Activate the emergency response system, get an AED and return to the victim
    3. Resume CPR; use the AED as soon as it is available

Compression- ventilation ratio without advanced airway

  • 1 rescuer  30:2
  • 2 or more rescuers 15:2

Compression- ventilation ratio with advanced airway

  • Chest compressions – 100-120/min
  • Give 1 breath every 6 seconds (10 breaths/min)

Compression rate

  • 100-120/min

Compression depth

  • At least 1/3 AP diameter of the chest
  • About 2 inches (5 cm)

Hand placement

  • 1 or 2 hands can be used (optional for small children)
  • On the lower half of the breastbone (sternum)

Chest recoil

  • Make sure not to lean on the chest of the victim – Allow a full recoil after each chest compression

Minimizing interruptions

  • Compression interruptions – limit to less than 10 seconds